Doctors throughout Tennessee are reporting a busy biting summer for the dreaded brown recluse spider. While most people survive a brown-recluse bite with little or no long-term problems, some people have very severe reactions to these hermit-like arachnids.
If you suspect that brown recluse spiders have infested your home, it's time to call the pest control experts. Learn why you should be wary of the brown recluse spider.
Small Spiders Aren't Weak Spiders
The brown recluse is a small spider with a body between 1/4 and 1/2 inch in size. The spiders may be light to medium brown with a distinctive fiddle mark toward the head of the body. However, both the cellar and the pirate spider have fiddle-like markings, too.
Brown recluse spiders can be identified most easily by their eyes. While most spiders have eight eyes, brown recluse spiders have three sets of two eyes for a total of six eyes.
The brown recluse spiders may be small in stature. Nevertheless, the small arachnids can cause big trouble for some victims of their bites.
Summertime Is Brown Recluse Time
Brown recluse spiders thrive in the warm months of summer. The spiders are hunters who enter homes to dine on cockroaches and other insects. When the weather is rainy and warm — as it's been in Tennessee this summer — populations of household insects increase and provide plenty of food for the brown recluse.
Brown recluse females also lay their egg sacs in late spring and summer. From May to July, several egg sacs are laid by each female. Egg sacs contain around 50 eggs each, and the eggs hatch a month after being laid.
For this reason, you may have hundreds of brown recluse spiders living and foraging in your home during the summer months. If you find one brown recluse spider, suspect that more are hiding in your home.
Shyness Is the Brown Recluse's Nature
Brown recluse spiders live up to their name. They're reclusive and may be living in your home without your ever having seen one. The spiders are very comfortable hanging out in a pile of laundry, boxes in the attic, or your bed sheets. Your clutter is their camouflage.
Other places where brown recluse spiders hide and hunt include:
- Dark closets and storage areas
- Utility boxes
- Under firewood
The spiders aren't aggressive or mean, but they will bite if cornered or accidentally crushed. Many people don't realize they've been bitten by a brown recluse spider until they suffer a reaction to the bite.
Necrotic Venom Makes the Brown Recluse Dangerous
Brown recluse spiders bite to paralyze their prey with venom. The venom of the brown recluse spider contains nine proteins that induce everything from blood clotting to death of tissue around the bite.
A bite from a brown recluse may not be noticed right away and may be mistaken for a tick bite or bee sting. Healthy people are often left with a small lesion that's itchy and a bit painful, but the patients recover just fine.
For some people, a brown recluse bite is a medical emergency. The skin may form a large blister or become sunken in and filled with pus. Bite victims can suffer loss of limbs, kidney failure, and lifelong clotting issues in the most serious of brown recluse cases.
Bug Eradication Won't Solve the Problem
Even if you remove all of the insects in your home, brown recluse spiders will survive. The elusive pests can live up to six months with no food and little water.
Decluttering your home and calling in pest experts are your best courses of action to rid your home of brown recluse spiders. Spot treatment is ineffective alone, so your pest control company will combine spot treatment with chemical protection of cracks, voids, and crevices where the spiders travel and hide.
If you need brown recluse extermination for your home or business, contact ChemScape Pest Control and Termite Services immediately. We provide professional spider control for homes throughout the Greater Nashville, Tennessee, region.